Activities to Teach Students the Properties of Multiplication

Multiplication is an important mathematical concept that students need to learn as early as possible. It is a basic operation that is used in many areas of life, from counting objects to calculating areas of shapes. However, it can be a difficult concept for students to grasp, especially if they are not taught the properties of multiplication. In this article, we will look at some activities that can help teach students the properties of multiplication.

Activity 1: Multiplication Card Sort

Materials: Set of multiplication cards


1. Cut out a set of multiplication cards by writing the products 1 x 1, 1 x 2, 1 x 3, and so on up to 10 x 10 on individual cards.

2. Shuffle the cards and lay them out on the table.

3. Ask students to work in pairs and sort the cards into groups based on the properties of multiplication.

4. The groups can be based on the commutative property, associative property, or distributive property.

5. After the groups have been sorted, have each pair explain their groupings to the class.

Activity 2: Multiplication Bingo

Materials: Multiplication bingo cards and markers


1. Give each student a multiplication bingo card with numbers 1 to 100 on it.

2. Draw multiplication problems randomly and call out the answers.

3. Students place a marker on the corresponding answer on their bingo card.

4. The first student to get five in a row (vertically, horizontally, or diagonally) calls out “Bingo!” and wins.

5. After the game, discuss with the students which property of multiplication was used to solve each problem.

Activity 3: Multiplication Treasure Hunt

Materials: Multiplication problem sheet, calculator, treasure box or bag filled with small toys or treats


1. Create a set of multiplication problems and write them on cards.

2. Hide the cards in various locations around the classroom.

3. Give each student a calculator and have them search for the cards.

4. When a student finds a card, they solve the problem and record the answer on a sheet of paper.

5. When all the cards have been found and the problems solved, the students add up their answers.

6. The student with the highest score gets to choose a toy or treat from the treasure box or bag.

7. Discuss with the students which property of multiplication was used to solve each problem.

In conclusion, these activities are designed to help students learn the properties of multiplication. By using fun and interactive activities, students can engage in the learning process and gain a deeper understanding of this important mathematical concept. These activities can be modified or adapted to suit the needs of individual students or classroom settings. With continued practice and reinforcement, students can master multiplication and apply it to real-life situations.

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