# Activities to Teach Students to Compare Fractions With Like Denominators Using Models

Fractions can be a challenging topic for many elementary school students, especially when it comes to comparing fractions. One strategy for teaching students to compare fractions with like denominators is using models. Here are some activities that teachers can use to help students understand this concept.

1. Fraction Bars

Fraction bars are great tools for visual learners. To use fraction bars to teach comparing fractions with like denominators, simply have students create the bars for the fractions they want to compare. For example, if you want to compare 1/4 and 3/4, students would create two fraction bars, one with four equal parts and the other with the same size and four equal parts as well. They would shade in one part of the first bar to represent 1/4 and three parts of the second bar to represent 3/4. Then, they would compare the two shaded parts to see which one is greater.

2. Fraction Circles

Fraction circles are another useful model to use when teaching fractions. To use fraction circles to teach comparing fractions with like denominators, have students create two circles of the same size and divide each circle into the same number of equal parts to represent the denominator. For example, if you want to compare 2/5 and 3/5, students would create two circles divided into five equal parts each. Then, they would shade in two parts in one circle to represent 2/5 and three parts in the second circle to represent 3/5. They could then compare the two shaded parts to see which one is greater.

3. Fraction Tiles

Fraction tiles are physical manipulatives that students can use to better understand fractions. To use fraction tiles to teach comparing fractions with like denominators, students would need tiles that represent different denominators but are the same size. Students could then use the tiles to create fractions with like denominators, and they could compare them by stacking them on top of each other to see which one is greater.

4. Practice Problems

After students have had an opportunity to work with models, they can practice comparing fractions with like denominators using practice problems. Teachers could create worksheets or give students a list of problems for them to solve on their own. This way, students can apply what they have learned to a variety of different problems.

In summary, comparing fractions with like denominators can be challenging for elementary school students. However, using models like fraction bars, fraction circles, and fraction tiles can help students better understand this concept. Teachers can also provide students with practice problems to reinforce what they have learned. By using these tools and strategies, teachers can help their students become more confident in their ability to compare fractions with like denominators.