Activities to Teach Students to Complete the Addition Sentence – Make 10

One of the basic facts every student is taught in early years of schooling is addition. Addition is the process of finding the sum of two or more numbers. The understanding of addition is important for students as it forms the foundation of more complex mathematical concepts. One important aspect of addition is learning how to make 10. This can be a tricky concept for some students to grasp, especially younger ones. However, there are a number of engaging activities that educators can use to teach students to complete the addition sentence, make 10.

1. Ten Frame Hopscotch:

This game requires a ten frame drawn on the ground, and students must hop and count the dots, which are representing numbers, at each square to reach the number 10. Students can work in pairs or individually to improve their quick addition skills.

2. Making 10 Ten-Frame Race:

Here, students are required to complete a ten-frame by using two different color counters to make 10, they then take turns with their partners to see who can complete their ten-frame the fastest — a fun and competitive way to learn how to make 10.

3. Add or Subtract:

Students stand in a circle, one student calls out a number below 10 and the next student has to say what number is required to make 10 or take away to get there. The game continues until one student gets stumped, and then they switch places.

4. Make a Bracelet:

This activity involves the use of colorful beads or blocks. Students have to choose two colors and make a bracelet using ten beads. They then record their choices on paper, showing that each bracelet has ten beads.

5. Roll the Dice:

Students roll two dice, and they will need to combine the two numbers to make 10, but they also need to record their equations. This activity gets students to practice quick recall while reinforcing the concept of making 10.

6. Ten-Frame Match Up:

In this activity, students are given a set of ten frames, each with a different number displayed on it. Students must pair up the frames that make a total of ten, and then record their answers. The activity can be made more challenging by increasing the number of frames to be matched up.

In summary, learning how to make 10 is an important foundational skill for students to develop as they advance in their mathematical education. Through the use of engaging and interactive activities, students can quickly grasp the concept of completing the addition sentence to make 10. The above-listed activities help students to practice and reinforce their addition skills, as well as instilling confidence in solving basic math problems.  

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