Activities to Teach Students to Divide 2-Digit Numbers by 1-Digit Numbers: Interpret Remainders

As a teacher, you know that teaching division can be daunting for some students. For instance, dividing 2-digit numbers by 1-digit numbers can be challenging, especially when students have to interpret remainders. Luckily, there are fun and engaging activities that you can use to teach this concept. In this article, we’ll explore some of the best activities to teach students to divide 2-digit numbers by 1-digit numbers while interpreting remainders.

1. Draw and Divide

This is a simple activity that you can do in class or assign as homework. Before class, prepare a sheet of paper that has several boxes, each with a 2-digit number. Then, students will draw the number of lines to the right of each box that is as many as the divisor. They will then divide the 2-digit number by the 1-digit number, adding the quotient above the lines they drew and the remainder below the lines. This activity is perfect for allowing students to visualize the division process, making it easier for them to interpret remainders.

2. Domino Division

You can use dominoes to teach division, too. Give each student a domino and ask them to divide the dots on one side of the domino by the dots on the other side of the domino. The quotient will be the number of times the divisor can fit into the dividend, and the remainder will be the number of dots left over. Encourage students to think creatively and use different strategies to interpret the remainder.

3. Word Problems

Word problems are an excellent way to help students apply their newly acquired skills. Create several word problems that require students to divide 2-digit numbers by 1-digit numbers while interpreting remainders. The word problems should be age-appropriate and engaging. You may want to use real-life situations to make the word problems more relatable to your students. For example, you could ask them to divide the number of pizzas in a delivery by the number of children present at a party, or divide the number of flowers in a bouquet by the number of vases available.

4. Math Centers

Math centers are a great way to provide students with independent practice. Set up a math center with several activities that involve dividing 2-digit numbers by 1-digit numbers while interpreting remainders. Make sure that each activity is differentiated to allow students to work at their level. For instance, you could set up a matching game where students match the quotient and remainder for a given division problem.

5. Cut and Paste

Cut-and-paste activities are fun and engaging. Create a set of 2-digit number division problems with remainders. Then, print out a sheet with the quotients and remainders of those problems mixed up. Students will then cut out the quotient and remainder boxes, and paste them in the correct position for each problem. This activity helps students to practice interpreting remainders while also improving their fine motor skills.


Interpreting remainders when dividing 2-digit numbers by 1-digit numbers can be a challenge for some students. However, by using fun and engaging activities, you can help them to better understand this concept. These activities not only make division fun, but they also help students improve their math skills and build confidence. Use these ideas as a starting point to create your own engaging activities, and watch your students master this challenging concept.

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