# Activities to Teach Students to Mentally Add and Subtract Numbers Ending in Zeroes

Teaching students to mentally add and subtract numbers ending in zeroes can be a challenge, but it’s an essential skill that can help them solve complex math problems with ease. Here are some activities that can be used to teach students how to mentally add and subtract numbers ending in zeroes.

1. Counting on and back from ten

The first activity students can do to teach them mental addition and subtraction is counting on and back from ten. Have students start at ten and count back to zero, then count back up to ten, ten to twenty, and back down to ten. Once they become comfortable with this, you can challenge them to count by twos, threes, or any numbers to make the activity more challenging. This will help them see a pattern in the numbers and build confidence in their mental calculation abilities.

2. Use manipulatives

Manipulatives such as base ten blocks, counters, and other math materials can be very helpful in teaching mental addition and subtraction. For example, if you want to teach how to mentally add 20+30, use base ten blocks to show students that 20+10 is 30, so 20+30 equals 50. Once they can see how the math works visually, they can try to do the same mentally.

3. Use number lines

Number lines can be used to help students visualize the concept of adding or subtracting tens. You can make a simple number line and have students add or subtract in jumps of ten. For example, they can start at 20, jump to 30, then to 40, and so on until they reach a target number. This is a great way to build mental math skills and help students understand the concept.

4. Practice with flashcards

Flashcards are an excellent tool for practicing mental math. You can create flashcards with addition and subtraction problems that end in zeroes. For example, 30+20, 50-20, etc. Have students practice solving these problems mentally, and see how quickly they can do it. For added difficulty, you can use flashcards with two- or three-digit numbers that end in zeroes.

5. Use real-life situations

Using real-life situations to teach mental math can help make it more meaningful and memorable for students. For example, ask students how much money they would have left if they had \$100 and spent \$20, \$30, or \$50. This will help them see the practical application of mental math and encourage them to use it in their daily lives.

In conclusion, teaching students how to mentally add and subtract numbers ending in zeroes requires consistent practice and patience. Using these activities, students will gradually understand the concept and gain confidence in their mental calculation skills. Encourage them to keep practicing and be patient as they develop this valuable skill.