# Activities to Teach Students to Multiply Fractions by Whole Numbers Using Models

Multiplying fractions with whole numbers is one of the most important skills that students need to learn in math. However, it can be tricky for students to visualize how to do this, especially when it involves fractions. Luckily, there are a variety of activities that teachers can use to help students understand and learn how to multiply fractions by whole numbers using models.

1. Fraction Strips

Fraction strips are a great tool that can be used to help students visualize the multiplication of fractions with whole numbers. To do this activity, students are given a set of fraction strips. They are then asked to multiply a whole number by a fraction. For example, if the question is 3 x 1/2, students will use three whole fraction strips to represent the whole number, and then use one-half of a fraction strip to represent the fraction. From there, they can count the number of shaded strips to get their final answer.

2. Area Models

Area models are another helpful tool that can be used to teach students how to multiply fractions by whole numbers. An area model is a rectangular grid that is divided into smaller squares. The whole number is represented by the number of rows in the grid, while the fraction is represented by the number of squares shaded within each row. Students can then count the number of shaded squares to get their final answer.

3. Tape Diagrams

Tape diagrams, also known as bar models, are another visual representation that can be used to help students understand how to multiply fractions with whole numbers. In a tape diagram, students use bars to represent the whole number and fractions. For example, if the question is 5 x 3/4, students would draw five bars and then divide each bar into four equal parts. They would then shade in three of those parts to represent the fraction. From there, they can count the total number of shaded parts to find their final answer.

4. Real-world Examples

It can be helpful to use real-world examples to teach students how to multiply fractions with whole numbers. For example, if you are baking a cake and need to multiply the recipe by 1/2, you could ask students to figure out how much flour, sugar, or eggs they would need if they were using the recipe to make half as many cakes. This helps students see the purpose behind learning how to multiply fractions with whole numbers and can make the concept more tangible.

5. Interactive Games

There are many interactive games and online activities that can be used to help students practice multiplying fractions with whole numbers using models. For example, the website Math Playground has a variety of games where students can practice visualizing and multiplying fractions with whole numbers, including games like “Fraction Fling” and “Fraction Palooza.” These games are engaging and can help students practice the skill in a fun and interactive way.

In conclusion, teaching students to multiply fractions with whole numbers using models can be challenging, but with the help of hands-on activities and visual aids, it can become a much easier concept to understand. Utilizing fraction strips, area models, tape diagrams, real-world examples, and interactive games can go a long way in deepening students’ understanding and solidifying their grasp of the concept.