Activities to Teach Students to Multiply Mixed Numbers

Multiplication of mixed numbers is an important concept in mathematics that students have to grasp to move forward in their school years. The multiplication of mixed numbers is a combination of fraction and whole numbers, which makes it a bit tricky to understand. However, with the right activities and methods, students can learn the concept of multiplication of mixed numbers with ease. In this article, we will highlight some of the activities that teachers can use to help students learn how to multiply mixed numbers.

1. Model the Concept

When teaching the multiplication of mixed numbers, it is important to have physical models that help students understand the concept. Teachers can use items like candies, fruits, and other tangible objects to represent the mixed numbers. For example, if you want to find 1 ½ x 3 ¼, you can model it by placing 1 ½ candy in a row three times and 3 ¼ candy in a column two times. The students can then count the number of candies in each row and column to get the answer.

2. Use Visual Aids

Visual aids such as diagrams, bar models, and charts can help students have a better understanding of the multiplication of mixed numbers. Teachers can use bar models to represent the mixed numbers and show how the multiplication process works. For example, if you want to find 2 ⅓ x 1 ¼, you can represent 2 ⅓ as two whole bars and one-third of a bar, and 1 ¼ as one whole bar and one-quarter of a bar. Then, overlay the two bar models to show the multiplication of the mixed numbers.

3. Practice with Word Problems

Word problems are one of the best ways to help students understand how to apply multiplication of mixed numbers in real-life scenarios. Teachers can create word problems that involve multiplying mixed numbers and have students solve them. The word problems can be related to cooking, construction, or any other real-life scenario that involves mixed numbers. For example, a word problem can be, “If a recipe calls for 2 ½ cups of flour and you need to make four batches, how much flour will you need in total?”

4. Use Interactive Games

Interactive games are great for engaging students and making learning fun. Teachers can use online interactive games that involve multiplying mixed numbers to help students learn the concept. Games such as Multiplying Fractions and Mixed Numbers Game, Pizza Party Multiply Fractions, and Fraction Fling can help students practice multiplication of mixed numbers in a fun way.


Multiplication of mixed numbers is an important concept that students have to learn to progress in their mathematical journey. There are different ways teachers can teach this concept, including modeling the concept, using visual aids, practicing with word problems, and using interactive games. The key is to make the learning process fun, interactive, and engaging to help students grasp the concept easily. With consistent practice and reinforcement, students can master the multiplication of mixed numbers and apply it to real-life scenarios.

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