Multiplication is a fundamental concept in mathematics that students learn at a very early age. However, as they move onto more complex calculations involving fractions and whole numbers, students may encounter some difficulties. The good news is that with the right activities, teaching students to multiply three or more fractions and whole numbers can be fun, engaging, and effective. Here are some excellent activities to help you teach this important skill.

**1. Fraction Multiplication Dice Game**

This game is perfect for small groups of students who want to practice multiplying fractions. Divide the students into groups of two or three, and give each group a pair of dice. Instruct each group to roll the dice and write down the numbers that appear on each dice. They should then convert each of the numbers into a fraction, using the face value of the dice as the numerator, and 6 as the denominator. For example, if the numbers rolled were 2 and 4, the fractions would be 2/6 and 4/6. Then, students must multiply the fractions and simplify the answer. The first group to complete five problems correctly wins the game.

**2. Fraction Multiplication Scavenger Hunt**

This activity is an excellent way to get students moving while learning to multiply fractions. Before class, hide several multiplication problems and their answers in different places around the classroom or schoolyard. Divide the students into teams and give each team a set of clues that lead them to the problems. Each team must solve the problems and write down the answers on a piece of paper. The first team to find all the problems and provide the correct answers wins the scavenger hunt.

**3. Fraction Multiplication Interactive Notebook**

Interactive notebooks are great tools that allow students to engage with the material in a way that is both creative and meaningful. To create an interactive notebook for multiplication, start by having students draw and label a diagram showing what happens when two fractions are multiplied. Then, instruct students to fold their notebook page in half and write down the steps for multiplying three or more fractions. Finally, have them practice solving some multiplication problems and glue the answers onto the page.

**4. Whole Number Multiplication Game**

To teach multiplication using whole numbers, try playing a game of multiplication bingo. Create bingo cards with various multiplication problems on them and distribute them to students. Then, call out the solutions to the multiplication problems, and students must mark the corresponding problem on their card. The first student to get five in a row wins. You can also create cards with the factors to mix it up and work on skills.

**5. Whole Number Multiplication Classroom Competition**

This activity is perfect for an entire classroom of students and allows the teacher to monitor which students need more help and guidance. Divide the students into groups of two or three and provide each group with a multiplication problem to solve. The first group to solve the problem correctly and run to the teacher with the answer wins the competition. Repeat this process with different problems, and make sure that all students get a chance to participate.

In conclusion, teaching students to multiply three or more fractions and whole numbers can be challenging, but these activities will make the process more engaging, interactive, and enjoyable. With a little creativity and imagination, students can develop a deep understanding of multiplication and be well-prepared for future math concepts they will learn.