# Activities to Teach Students to Relate Addition and Multiplication

Mathematics is a subject that requires a lot of understanding and practice. As a teacher, it is essential to come up with creative and fun activities that will help students understand mathematical concepts, particularly relating addition and multiplication. These activities will not only make math more exciting but will also enhance students’ critical thinking and problem-solving skills.

Multiplication Table Race

Multiplication is a crucial mathematical concept that students need to learn. To make it more interactive, a multiplication table race can be organized. This game requires several students to compete against each other to complete the multiplication table first.

To prepare for the game, students should be provided with a multiplication table and be required to memorize it. Each student should take turns multiplying two numbers, and the student who finishes all the calculations first wins the game.

Candy Count

To teach the concept of multiplication and addition, the candy count logic game can be used. The game involves the use of candy to demonstrate the relationship between multiplication and addition. The teacher can provide one candy for each student and instruct them to group the candy into equal groups.

Once the students have divided the candy into groups of equal sizes, they should be asked to count the number of candies in each group. The teacher can then ask the students to add up the number of candies in all the groups to determine the total number of candies.

Array Models

Using visuals to demonstrate mathematical concepts enhances students’ comprehension of mathematics. To teach the relationship between addition and multiplication, array models can be used. The teacher can provide students with square tiles or other small objects.

Students should be asked to create combinations and groupings of these objects. For example, they can create a rectangle using two rows of three square tiles. The teacher can then ask students to count the number of tiles in total, and then ask them to create different groupings of the tiles, such as three rows of two tiles. Students can then compare the totals to recognize the relationship between addition and multiplication.

Factor Pairs

To teach the relationship between multiplication and addition, the teacher can introduce the concept of factor pairs. The teacher can provide students with a number, such as 24, and ask them to find all the factor pairs. For example, students might identify factor pairs of 24 as (1,24), (2,12), (3,8), and (4,6).

Once the students have identified the factor pairs, they can be asked to use addition to determine the sum of the factor pairs. The teacher can then ask students to multiply the factor pairs and compare the results with the sum of the factor pairs.

Overall, these activities provide fun and interactive ways to teach students the relationship between addition and multiplication. As a teacher, you can use these activities to enhance your students’ mathematical skills and provide a more engaging learning experience. By incorporating these activities into your lesson plans, you can help your students succeed in mathematics.