Activities to Teach Students to Relate Multiplication and Division

As educators, it is important to find creative ways to teach students multiplication and division skills. One of the most effective methods is to have students relate the concepts of multiplication and division to each other. Understanding the relationship between these two operations is crucial for students to build a strong foundation in math.

Here are some activities that teachers can implement in their classrooms to teach students how to relate multiplication and division:

Real-life Scenarios:

Teachers can design real-life scenarios that require students to use both multiplication and division. For example, students can be given a hypothetical budget and asked to calculate how many items they can buy with a certain amount of money. They can then be asked to reverse the calculation and find out how much money they would need to buy a certain number of items.

Number Bonds:

Number bonds are an excellent way to demonstrate the relationship between multiplication and division. Students can use manipulatives like counters or blocks to create different arrays and then work in pairs to figure out the corresponding division facts. For example, if they create a 4 x 3 array, they can work together to find out what 12 ÷ 4 is.


Arrays are a great way to work on multiplication and division skills. Students can work in pairs to create different arrays using manipulatives like counters or stickers. Once they have created an array, they can write the corresponding multiplication and division equations.

Fact Families:

Fact families are a set of three numbers that are related to each other in multiplication and division. Teachers can provide students with a fact family and ask them to find the missing number. For example, if the fact family is 3, 6, and 18, students can figure out that 18 ÷ 6 is 3.

Word Problems:

Teachers can design word problems that require students to use both multiplication and division. The problems can be presented in a story format or as a mystery that needs to be solved. Students can work in pairs to solve the problems, and then share their solutions with the class.

In conclusion, teaching students to relate multiplication and division is crucial for building a strong foundation in math. Utilizing activities that involve real-life scenarios, number bonds, arrays, fact families, and word problems can help students understand the relationship between multiplication and division more effectively. By incorporating these activities into their lessons, teachers can help their students develop a deeper understanding of math concepts and improve their skills in both multiplication and division.

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