# Activities to Teach Students to Solve Using the Properties of Multiplication

Multiplication is an important mathematical operation that involves the process of repeated addition. Students need to have a strong understanding of the properties of multiplication to be able to solve multiplication problems efficiently. In this article, we will discuss some activities that can help teachers teach students to solve using the properties of multiplication.

1. The Product Game

The Product Game is a fun, interactive game that teaches students about multiplication and the distributive property. The game can be played with two or more players. The teacher can write down a multiplication problem on the board, and the players take turns to roll two dice. The numbers on the dice are multiplied and counted as the score. The player with the higher score gets a point. The game can be played for a set time limit or until a player reaches a certain number of points.

2. Multiplication Fact Triangles

Multiplication Fact Triangles is an interactive activity that helps students understand the commutative property of multiplication. To do this activity, the teacher will write down six multiplication facts on the board. The students then need to cut out the multiplication fact triangles and match them to the correct product. Once they have matched all the triangles, they will see that some multiplication facts are repeated, but the product remains the same. This demonstrates the commutative property of multiplication.

3. Multi-Step Word Problems

Multi-Step Word Problems is an activity that teaches students how to solve complicated multiplication problems using the associative property. The teacher will write down a word problem that involves multiple steps. The students will need to identify the steps and use the associative property to rearrange the numbers to make the calculation easier. For example, if the problem is 4 x 3 x 5, the students can use the associative property to rearrange the numbers as (4 x 5) x 3, which is easier to solve.

4. Multiplication Properties Sort

Multiplication Properties Sort is an activity that helps students understand the different properties of multiplication. The teacher will write down several multiplication problems on a piece of paper and cut them out. The students will then sort the problems based on the properties of multiplication. For example, the students will sort the problems into the commutative, distributive, and associative properties. This helps students recognize the different types of multiplication problems and the properties used to solve them.

5. Multiplication Arrays

Multiplication Arrays is an activity that helps students visualize multiplication problems. To do this activity, the teacher will give the students a set of objects, such as blocks or stickers. The students will then arrange the objects in columns and rows to create a multiplication array. For example, if the teacher gives the students 12 blocks, the students can arrange them as four columns and three rows to create a multiplication array for 4 x 3. This helps students understand how multiplication can be represented visually.

In conclusion, these activities are just a few examples of how teachers can teach students to solve using the properties of multiplication. By incorporating these activities into their regular lessons, teachers can help students develop a strong foundation in multiplication and improve their problem-solving skills. These activities also make learning multiplication fun and interactive, which can help students stay engaged and motivated.