# Activities to Teach Students to Subtract with Cubes – Numbers Up to 5

Teaching primary school students subtraction with cubes is a fun and interactive way to introduce them to the concept of subtraction. This activity is especially helpful for visual learners who may struggle with abstract math concepts. In this article, we will explore various activities to teach students to subtract with cubes, focusing on numbers up to five.

Activity 1: Introduction to Subtracting with Cubes

The first activity involves introducing students to the concept of subtraction and linking it to the practical application of using cubes. Begin by giving each student 10 cubes and asking them to count how many they have. Once they have counted, ask them to take away 3 cubes and count the remaining cubes. This simple activity helps students to visualize the concept of subtraction and how it works with objects.

Activity 2: Take-Away Game

For this activity, you will need two different colored cubes. Divide the class into two teams and give each team a set of 5 cubes of their color. Ask them to line up their cubes in a row. The first team chooses a number and takes away that many cubes. They then say the subtraction sentence out loud, and the second team has to work out how many cubes are left. They then have a turn to choose a number and take away more cubes. This activity helps students to practice subtraction with a visual and interactive approach.

Activity 3: Matching Subtraction Sentences

This activity involves having a set of subtraction cards with numbers up to 5. Give each student a pile of cubes and a set of subtraction cards. Ask them to read the subtraction sentence and then use their cubes to match the number. Once they have made the required number of cubes, they can check their answer by counting how many cubes they have left. This activity helps students to match the subtraction sentence to the corresponding number, making it easier for them to understand how subtraction works.

Activity 4: Subtraction Roll and Cover

For this activity, you will need a dice with numbers up to 5 and two different colored cubes. Each player needs one of each color of cube and a game board with numbers from 0 to 6. The first player rolls the dice and subtracts the number on the dice from 6. They then cover that number on the game board with their colored cube. The next player then takes their turn and continues until all the numbers on the board are covered. The player with the most cubes on the board at the end of the game wins. This game helps students to practice subtraction with a twist and reinforces the concept of numbers up to 6.

Conclusion

Teaching students to subtract with cubes is a fun and engaging way to introduce them to the concept of subtraction. These activities help students to visualize the concept of subtraction and to practice their subtraction skills with a visual and interactive approach. By incorporating cubes into the learning process, students are more likely to understand the abstract nature of mathematics and to enjoy learning about math.