ADDIE Model: Everything You Need to Know

This is an instructional design model, which requires the effective implementation of technology in one’s classroom as an educator.

The model comprises five steps, namely: Analysis, Design, Development, Implementation, and Evaluation. In the Analysis phase, the educator must specify the goals of instruction and then design/plan class activities and lessons around the achievement of these goals (this is the Design Phase).

The next step the educator must take in this model is the development of lesson ideas/plans into a cohesive & organized lesson. Once the lesson has been implemented, an evaluation process must take place. This includes the answering of questions, such as:

·         Was there a noticeable improvement in student learning with the introduction of technology?

·         Was the educator able to achieve the laid-out instructional goals and objectives?

·         Was this process so beneficial that the educator would like to keep doing it in the future?

·         Are there any amends that could be made so this model is more effectively wielded in the future?

The ADDIE model comes with both advantages and disadvantages. The advantages include:

·         The on-point nature of the structure helps instructors know what action they should take before moving to another one.

·         It’s great for offline, online, and blended learning.

·         Trainers can evaluate objectives and results to identify which areas of the course require further attention.

·         In an industry filled with technicalities, ADDIE puts design into the core creating process, engaging more and more students.

The disadvantages of the ADDIE model include:

·         The time-consuming nature is probably the biggest disadvantage of the ADDIE model.

·         In the ADDIE model, instructional designers need to deal with a cycle concept. This means that if one part of the cycle is negatively impacted, they’re probably going to worry about the entire thing.

Many modern learning professionals think that the ADDIE model is outdated because of its linear process and rigidity. Outdated or not, it’s still one of the sought-after learning models in higher and corporate education. While the model was actually developed to be hierarchical, today, it’s frequently used with a continual iterative approach. It means all the five steps are first followed in order. Once done, the model can be restarted from the analysis phase to continue enhancing the end product. Those looking to gain a detailed understanding of the ADDIE model can choose to join the fully online ADDIE for Instructional Design Certificate program.

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