Beyond Caste: Teaching About Untouchability and Shaping Empathetic Generations


To create an inclusive and empathetic future, students need to learn about social histories that have contributed to shaping the world. The untouchables, also known as the Dalits in India, are one such community whose historical marginalization and oppression provide a significant lesson for young minds.

The Importance of Teaching about Untouchables

Teaching students about the untouchables helps them develop a sense of empathy and sensitivity toward marginalized communities. It encourages them to question societal norms and ask critical questions about how prejudices are formed. Additionally, understanding untouchables can foster cultural exchanges and appreciation of diverse backgrounds.

Ways to Introduce the Topic

1. Historical Context: Start with a brief overview of Indian history and the caste system to provide context. Educate them on how untouchability emerged as a consequence of the caste system.

2. Personal Stories: Share real-life experiences or biographies of people from the untouchable community who have overcome hardships or made significant contributions to society.

3. Discussing Reforms: Introduce the steps taken by Indian reformers like B.R. Ambedkar, Mahatma Gandhi, and other social activists toward the upliftment and eradication of untouchability.

4. Art Exploration: Explore art forms such as poetry, literature, films, and paintings created by members of the untouchable community or depicting their lives. Analyze these works with your students and discuss their significance.

5. Case Studies: Investigate specific examples of discrimination faced by untouchables in contemporary society and how they are addressing these challenges.

6. Debates and Discussions: Encourage students to engage in debates on the relevance of caste systems in today’s world, how they might contribute to such inequalities inadvertently, and what actions they can take to promote inclusion and diversity.


Teaching students about untouchables is an important step in cultivating empathy, understanding, and awareness of social issues. Through discussion, debate, reflection, and exploration of history, art, and literature associated with the untouchable community, students can learn valuable lessons about their role in promoting equality and social justice. By doing so, educators can foster an environment that nurtures active global citizens who are prepared to challenge prejudices and work toward building a more inclusive world.

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