College Majors: Everything You Need to Know

This word refers to the specific academic area chosen by a student for undergraduate training. Majors consist of a set of core classes, along with any additional requirements as necessary for one’s degree program. Sometimes named a “major concentration,” a major is paired with a student’s degree when they graduate to give potential employers and/or graduate programs an idea of what the student studied and/or their level of knowledge in a specific field. For instance, if someone “majors” in business, the degree they are awarded is a Bachelor of Business Administration (BBA).

Colleges and universities often offer specializations within a particular major and degree program to let students focus more on their course of study. For example, if student A wants to choose a career path in the domain of cybersecurity, he may decide to pursue a BS in Information Technology with a specialization in digital investigations.

Some degree and major specializations can even let students keep their focus broad enough to cover several career path options while still working on getting additional experience in a specific field. Thus, if student B is interested in accounting but wants to give herself the chance of pursuing different business-related positions, she may opt for a Bachelor of Business Administration with a specialization in accounting instead of choosing a Bachelor of Science in Accounting degree.

Some colleges let students major in two fields, create their own major, or opt for a major and a minor, the latter being a specialization requiring fewer courses than a major. Students often feel unsure about the right time to choose and declare their majors. Most four-year colleges won’t need students to choose a major until the end of their sophomore year. This is applicable in the case of several majors, thus giving students adequate time to look into different subjects and see which ones interest them. However, some majors, such as those related to areas of engineering, are exceptions to this rule. These fields need students to choose their majors early to ensure they have enough time to take and complete all the required courses.

Students pursuing two-year degrees are typically required to choose their majors at the program’s start because the tenure of such programs is much shorter than four-year degree courses.

When choosing a major, a student should consider which subjects truly motivate them. Ideally, students should choose majors that they’re confident with and which offer them some space for a bit of risk and experimentation.

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