Curriculum: Everything You Need to Know

It refers to the academic content and lessons taught in an institution or a specific program or course. It defines the totality of student experiences that happen during the educational process. A curriculum also communicates clear expectations for both students and teachers about what must be achieved by the end of a course.

In the United States, different kinds of curriculum are layered together. Many people often think that curriculum stands for a straightforward course outline or lesson plan. However, in reality, it’s dynamic and much more complicated. Knowing these complexities is important for an educator who wishes to make an impact on students’ lives. Here’re some of the different types of curriculum used in institutions.

Written curriculum: This curriculum is formally put down in writing and recorded for teaching. These materials can comprise educators’ instruction documents, text, films, and other materials they require. These come from the school itself or the larger school district. Often, the school or the school district employs or contracts a curriculum specialist to create a plan that fulfills specific objectives and goals.

Taught curriculum: This curriculum outlines the way teachers actually teach. It’s a less standardized and less predictable type of curriculum because how a teacher delivers material can differ from one to another. It can also modify depending on the types of tools educators have at their disposal. This can comprise demonstrations, experiments, and other kinds of engagement through hands-on activities and group work. The taught curriculum is extremely important for pupils in special education or those who need another type of specialized support.

Assessed curriculum: Also known as a tested curriculum, an assessed curriculum refers to tests, quizzes, and other types of methods to assess students’ success. This can involve different assessment techniques, including a portfolio, presentations, and federal and state standardized tests.

Supported curriculum: This curriculum involves the additional resources, tools, and learning experiences observed in and outside the classroom. These include software and technology, field trips, textbooks, and other new innovative methods to engage students. Educators and other persons involved with the program are also parts of the supported curriculum.

Recommended curriculum: This curriculum originates from suggestions from education experts. Recommended curriculum can come from various sources, including policymakers and legislators, nationally recognized teachers, and others. It focuses on the skill sets, tools, and content teachers should prioritize in the classroom.

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