How to Implement Project-Based Learning into Your Classroom


Project-based learning requires learners to spend an extended period on a single project to gain in-depth knowledge about the task. As such, project-based learning usually involves more complex situation and is designed to challenge learners more than problem-based learning in which learners are developing a solution to a problem. Projects must be of interest to the learners and give them the freedom to go in-depth.


  • Learners have the opportunity to become “experts” on topics. By going in-depth on an item, learners may become very knowledgeable and feel empowered.
  • A balance is struck between ensuring that learners focus on curriculum-linked projects and giving learners the latitude to explore the details of a subject that is of personal interest to them.


  • Learners tend to have increased freedom using this approach. So, learners need to learn self-regulation skills before beginning the task.
  • Project-based learning is time-consuming and can take weeks and even months to complete.


  1. The instructor assigns learners a research question, such as “What are the key characteristics of mammals?”
  2. Learners work in small groups to come up with an idea for a poster, diagram, or presentation project on the topic.
  3. The instructor approves or asks for amendments to learners’ proposed projects.
  4. Learners are provided a series of lessons over two weeks in computer labs and in resource-rich classrooms to complete their projects.
  5. The instructor checks in intermittently to ensure standards are upheld and to motivate learners to improve upon their projects.
  6. The project concludes with learners presenting their projects to their parents.
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