How to Implement the FRAME Routine Teaching Strategy in Your Classroom

The FRAMEgraphic organizer focuses learners on the relationships between main ideas and details in their reading.

Learning Outcomes

  • Reflect
  • Selective rereading
  • Assess
  • Explain


  1. Introduce the FRAMEgraphic organizer (Click here to access all of our graphic organizer forms) and make clear that FRAME stands for the following: Focus on the topic Reveal the main ideas Analyze the details Make a “so what” statement Extend your understanding
  2. Explain the topic of the content learners are about to read and have learners write the topic in the appropriate spaces on the graphic organizer.
  3. Learners record brief statements or words that summarize crucial ideas relating to the topic in the “is about…” space on the graphic organizer.
  4. After reading the content, learners determine the main ideas. Record brief phrases, statements, or words that summarize the key concepts relating to the topic in the spaces provided on the graphic organizer.
  5. Learners record details that are important to remember in the essential details boxes. These crucial details can later be ranked on the graphic according to the level of importance.
  6. The instructor, small groups, or the whole class develop the Big Idea or “So What” statements. This statement is designed to help learners understand how the topic fits with the context. These statements take the form of a:
    • summary
    • conclusion the student has drawn
    • connection to a real-world application applicable to the student
  7. The instructor facilitates the assessment of the new info after it is organized. Several follow-up activities can then be employed to extend learners’ understanding of essential concepts, such as:
    • in-depth discussions
    • debate various points
    • draw conclusions
    • make connections to other ideas
    • form predictions or forecasts
    • engage in journal writing
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