How to Teach Learners to Do a SWOT Analysis


A SWOT analysis is a teaching tool used to help learners identify their Strengths, Weaknesses, Opportunities, and Threats. We usually use it at the beginning of a lesson and unit to help learners self-identify how best to proceed in their studies.


  • Learners are taught to self-assess and plan to avoid upcoming disadvantages in their lives.
  • Learners can balance affirming statements about their skills with an honest recognition of their weaknesses.


  • I often find learners use generic phrases copied from their neighbors. It’s a good idea to insist on the depth of engagement and thinking when doing this method.


A SWOT analysis is facilitated with a piece of paper divided into four quadrants:

  • Top-left: Strengths
  • Top-right: Weaknesses
  • Bottom-left: Opportunities
  • Bottom-right: Threats

Learners then fill out the SWOT sheet, identifying their strengths, weaknesses, opportunities, and threats.

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