Marco Polo Facts for Kids

Marco Polo was an Italian explorer who traveled to China during the 13th century. His journey to China has become well-known as it remains a fascinating story that is still highly popular today. Here are some Marco Polo facts for kids that can help them learn about this famous explorer.

1. Early Life:

Marco Polo was born in the city of Venice in 1254. He was born into a wealthy family that had ties to international trade. Her father, Niccolo Polo and uncle, Maffeo Polo, were both successful traders who traveled across Asia, and the young Marco would eventually follow in their footsteps.

2. Journey to China:

At the age of just 17, Marco Polo set out with his father and uncle on a journey to China. They traveled along the Silk Road, which was a network of trade routes that linked Asia with the Mediterranean world. It took them three years to reach China, and they encountered many different cultures and customs along the way.

3. Service in China:

After their arrival in China, Marco Polo began to learn the local language and was given a role as an ambassador. During his time in China, he also learned how to read and write in Mandarin, and he served the emperor Kublai Khan as a government official.

4. Description of China:

In his famous book ‘The Travels of Marco Polo’ he described life in China, including the local diet, customs, and culture. His account was one of the few depictions of life in China that were available in Europe during the Middle Ages.

5. Return Journey:

After spending 17 years in China, Marco Polo and his father and uncle traveled back to Venice. This time, they followed a different route that took them along the coast of Southeast Asia and through the Indian Ocean. It took them another three years to reach Venice.

6. Historical Impact:

The writings of Marco Polo had a significant impact on the world, as it gave Europeans a glimpse into life in China and sparked interest in the East. His descriptions of the wealth and cultural practices in China helped to increase trade between Europe and Asia.

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