Miscue Analysis: Everything You Need to Know

This is an evaluation of a reader’s divergence from the reading material, which tells the teacher if a reader is reading with context uses semantics, syntactic signs, and graphophonic. It’s a method to utilize a running record for diagnosis to find students’ particular difficulties. The running record is also a method to evaluate and spot reading behaviors that require support.

Teachers should look for the following miscues during a miscue analysis:

Correction: A common sign of an efficient reader, a correction is a miscue that students correct to understand the word in the sentence.

Insertion: This refers to the word added by the student that isn’t in the text.

Omission: During oral reading, the kids omit a word that alters the sentence’s meaning.

Repetition: The kids repeat a portion or word of the text.

Reversal: The students reverse the order of the word or the print.

Substitution: Rather than reading the word in the text, kids substitute a word that might or might not make sense in the passage.

Teachers can understand the following from the miscues mentioned above:

Correction: Teachers should see if the students read too fast or miscorrect accurate reading. If so, the kids often don’t see themselves as good readers.

Insertion: If the inserted word doesn’t deviate from meaning, it might only mean the student is making sense but also inserts. If the inserted word is something like using finish for finished, the teacher should address this.

Omission: Omitted words might mean weaker visual tracking: Teachers should determine if the passage’s meaning is affected or not. If not, omissions may also be the result of reading too fast or not focusing.

Repetition: Many repetitions might mean that the text is too difficult. Sometimes, students repeat when they’re doubtful and repeat the words to keep them coming as they regroup.

Reversal: Lots of reversals happen with young students with high-frequency words. It might also indicate that the reader has difficulty with scanning the text.

Substitution: Sometimes, kids use a substitution because they don’t comprehend the word being read. If the substitution doesn’t change the meaning, it’s often sufficient to help the kids focus on accuracy.

Miscue analysis is an effective diagnostic tool that teachers should use every six to eight weeks to understand if reading interventions are catering to the students’ needs. Understanding the miscues will help teachers with the next steps to enhance the kids’ reading.

Choose your Reaction!