Taj Mahal Facts for Kids

The Taj Mahal is one of the most famous and revered monuments in the world. It is located in the northern Indian city of Agra and draws millions of visitors each year. Here are some interesting facts about the Taj Mahal for kids.


The Taj Mahal was built by the Mughal emperor Shah Jahan in memory of his beloved wife Mumtaz Mahal. Construction began in 1632 and was completed 22 years later in 1653. The monument was built entirely of white marble and is a masterpiece of Mughal architecture.

Design and Architecture

The Taj Mahal is a stunning example of symmetry and balance. The monument is comprised of a central white marble dome surrounded by four minarets, all of which are symmetrically arranged around a water channel. The octagonal mausoleum sits on a raised platform and is beautifully decorated with intricate carvings and inlaid work. The designs include delicate floral motifs, verses from the Quran, and intricate geometric designs.


The Taj Mahal was built entirely of white marble, which was quarried from the nearby city of Makrana. According to legend, over 1,000 elephants were used to transport the marble from the quarry to the construction site. The marble was also inlaid with precious stones such as lapis lazuli, amethyst, and turquoise.


The Taj Mahal is considered a symbol of love and devotion. The monument was built in memory of Mumtaz Mahal, the emperor’s favorite wife, who died giving birth to their 14th child. The Taj Mahal is also a symbol of Mughal power and splendor. The intricate designs and carvings on the monument reflect the artistic and cultural heritage of the Mughal empire.

Visitor Information

The Taj Mahal is open to visitors from sunrise to sunset, every day except Friday. The monument can be accessed from the east or west gate, and tickets can be purchased online or at the ticket counter. Visitors are required to remove their shoes before entering the mausoleum and are not allowed to bring food, drinks or any religious offerings inside.

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