Teaching & Learning Strategies, Concepts, and Terms That Every Teacher Must Know: Letters KE-LA

To be considered a competent educator, there are almost 2000 strategies, concepts, and terms that you must know. However, since teachers wear so many hats, who has the time to learn them all? Don’t worry; we have you covered. In this series, we will discuss all the teaching and learning strategies, concepts, and terms that you need to know to be considered an effective educator. There are over 70 articles in this series, so pace yourself. We recommend reading one piece per weekday, which will allow you to complete the series in three to four months. We hope you enjoy it.

Click here to read all the articles in this series.

Key Periods The concept that the human brain is primed at particular times to make specific developmental advances, especially during infancy and early childhood. This theory was developed based on the observation of a large number of children.

Key Words A word, usually known to the learner that is used to signify a specific phonic unit.

Knowledge Construction A teaching method which helps students understand how our perspectives and where we come from influence the knowledge we absorb.

Knowledge Need A specific situation in which a child has never learned how to behave appropriately and must be taught.

KWL/KWLS A teaching idea that engages a student’s prior knowledge about a topic by setting up the purpose for reading and confirming the original understanding of the topic. This is also a great time to revise or expand the original understanding. A traditional KWL chart requires readers to ask what they know, what they want to know, and what they have learned. A KWLS chart adds one additional column for students to state anything they still want to know.

LAMP Language Acquisition through Moor Planning, or LAMP, connects neurological and motor learning in a way that makes communication easier for students with autism and related disorders. These principles have proven especially helpful for students who do not speak or have insufficient verbal skills. Paired with technology, LAMP principles empower a growing student population with autism to effectively communicate and reach higher academic achievements. LAMP is present in technology – from specially made computers to learning apps.

Language A system that uses a series of arbitrary signals and symbols to help represent ideas about the world.

Language Acquisition Device Something humans use as they are prewired to learn the language. The language acquisition device is a part of the Innatist Theory.

Language Comprehension The process of receiving, deciphering, and understanding a written or oral message.

Language Conventions The standard rules and stylistics governing written and oral language.

Language Cue Systems A structural guide in the reading process in which readers use graphophonic, syntactic, and semantic signs to recognize words and predict meaning.

Language Dominance The preferred or default language of a child.

Language Experience Approach (LEA) A method of reading instruction which develops the reader’s sight vocabulary, linguistic proficiency, and graphophonic awareness as they read their language. The teacher examines the stories students have written down and uses some of their experiences to help them expand on their words through discussion and questions.

Language Functions The objectives and operations of communication in oral or written language.

Language Probe The modification of typical instruction to better understand specifics about a student’s receptive to expressive language.

Language Production The act of generating and transmitting a verbal or written message.

Language Proficiency A child’s expertise in a language.

Language Samples A recording of a student speaking used to provide information about their ability to use language, as well as their vocabulary, articulations, syntax, and semantics.

Language The coding of thoughts and ideas into symbols such as words, signs, or pictures, and subsequent decoding to understand the meaning of the message.

Language The system through which meaning is expressed; a form of communication which can be oral, written, visual, or another mode of expression.

Language-Based Programs A preschool that uses many different techniques to help address language deficits. Many of them use environmental factors such as toys to help facilitate more language.

Law Principles of general application that have been meticulously tested and found to apply in a wide variety of situations.

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