Teaching Students About Bari, Italy


Introducing students to the wonders of Bari, Italy, can open their minds to a world of culture, history, and fun. Situated in the southern region of Puglia, this captivating city boasts a rich heritage and unique attractions that can inspire both young and old alike. This article will provide insights on how teachers can effectively introduce this beautiful region to their classrooms.

1. Start with the History

Begin your lesson by providing an overview of Bari’s history to help students understand its cultural context. The city traces its roots back to ancient times and has been under the rule of various empires, such as the Romans and Byzantines. In the Middle Ages, Bari was an important trade center and harbor due to its strategic location on the Adriatic Sea. Share interesting stories from Bari’s past, like the relics of Saint Nicholas kept in Basilica di San Nicola or tales of its medieval streets.

2. Introduce Bari’s Geography

Familiarize students with Bari’s geographical location in Italy. Show them maps indicating where it is found within Europe and Italy itself. Emphasize its importance as a coastal city along the Adriatic Sea and explain how this influences its local economy through tourism, fishing, and maritime transportation.

3. Dive into Culture and Traditions

Teach about the unique local culture of Puglia (Apulia), which has an identity distinct from other regions in Italy. Elaborate on traditional Puglian music – pizzica and tarantella – instruments like tamburello (tambourine) and zampogna (bagpipe). Share details on delicious regional cuisine like orecchiette pasta with broccoli rabe or Panzerotti filled with cheese and tomato sauce.

4. Discussion on Language Feature

Discuss linguistic aspects of Bari and its regional dialect, the Barese. Compare this dialect to standard Italian to highlight the diverse linguistic landscape within Italy. Provide examples of words or phrases in both languages for a fun classroom exercise.

5. Explore Bari’s Architecture

Expose your students to the architectural wonders of Bari. Delve into its Romanesque landmarks like Basilica di San Nicola and the Cathedral of Saint Sabinus. Discuss the unique construction and historical significance of these monumental structures, as well as their impact on local culture.

6. Extracurricular Activities

Organize fun activities that immerse students in regional traditions. Host a Puglian food cooking session, screen videos of traditional music performances, or organize an exhibition showcasing the region’s exquisite ceramics. If possible, plan a field trip to Bari or arrange for an online virtual tour to offer your students a first-hand experience of its breathtaking beauty.


Teaching about Bari, Italy, can foster global understanding and appreciation for other cultures in your students. By delving into its history, geography, local traditions, language variations, architecture, and engaging in interactive activities, you will create a comprehensive and insightful learning experience that broadens students’ cultural horizons.

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