Teaching Students About British Monarchs

The British monarchy is an important institution in the country’s history and culture. The institution dates back centuries, and its significance continues to this day. As such, it is essential to teach students about the monarchs and their impact on history to gain a better understanding of the country’s past and present.

Start by Covering the Earliest Monarchs

When teaching British monarchs, it’s important to start with the earliest kings and queens. The first monarch was Edward the Confessor, who ruled from 1042 to 1066. This period marked the end of the Anglo-Saxon era and the beginning of the Norman Conquest, crowning William the Conqueror as the first Norman king of England. Students should learn about significant events during this period, including the Battle of Hastings and the signing of the Magna Carta.

Move on to the Key Monarchs

Next, students should learn about the critical monarchs in British history, such as Henry VIII, Elizabeth I, Queen Victoria, and Queen Elizabeth II. These monarchs had a significant impact on the country and the world and are considered some of the most famous monarchs.

Henry VIII, for instance, was notorious for his many marriages, including two that led to England’s break with the Roman Catholic Church and the creation of the Church of England. Elizabeth I was admired for her governance and her battles against the Spanish Armada that helped establish England’s naval power.

Queen Victoria reigned for more than 63 years, a period often referred to as the Victorian era. During her reign, the country experienced significant industrial and social changes. Finally, Queen Elizabeth II is the current monarch and has reigned for over 65 years.

Discuss the Monarchs’ Impact on Society

Apart from learning the monarchs’ stories, it’s essential to discuss their impact on society. The country’s immense growth and changes in politics, economics, and social development resulted in significant changes during these monarchs’ reigns.

Educators can emphasize how the monarchs helped shape Britain during their rule and how their decisions and actions affected the people and their country. Such impact can range from legislation to foreign policy, military tactics, arts, and culture.

Include Queen Elizabeth II

Lastly, while all the monarchs are important and have had a great impact on British history, it is crucial to include Queen Elizabeth II. She is the current monarch, and it’s important for students to know about her rule and how it compares to the previous monarchs.

She became queen in 1952, and during her reign, the country experienced significant economic, social, and political changes. Students should know about her efforts to modernize the British monarchy, her role in relationships with other countries, her dedication to charities, and other notable achievements.


In conclusion, teaching students about British monarchs is essential in helping them understand the country’s past, appreciate its cultural heritage, and make connections with the present and future. Introduce the students to the earliest kings and queens and progress to the major monarchs, highlighting their impact on society. Finally, don’t forget to include the current monarch, Queen Elizabeth II, and her achievements.

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