Teaching Students About North Macedonia

Teaching students about North Macedonia can be a remarkable journey through history, culture, and the development of national identity. As educators, it is our responsibility to ensure students have a well-rounded understanding of this Southeastern European nation, its rich heritage, and contemporary issues. This article will provide insight into various aspects of North Macedonia that educators can incorporate into their curriculum to enlighten their students.


Begin by introducing the ancient history of the region, which has been inhabited since prehistoric times. Discuss the famous ancient kingdom of Paeonia and its transformation into the Roman province of Macedonia. Educators can then explore how Slavic people settled in the region during the 6th and 7th centuries.

An essential aspect to cover is the medieval Kingdom of Macedon, founded under King Samuel in 976 AD. The kingdom fought many battles with neighboring countries such as Bulgaria and Byzantium. Teachers should mention significant historical events like the Battle of Kleidion in 1014 AD.

Delve into the more recent history with the Ottoman rule from the 14th century to the early 20th century. Explain how nationalism started growing among people in this period and how it led to the struggle for an independent state.

Finally, discuss North Macedonia’s role in World War I and II, its incorporation into Yugoslavia under Tito’s leadership, and its subsequent independence in 1991 after Yugoslavia’s dissolution.


When discussing North Macedonian culture, emphasize its diverse nature due to centuries of various influences. Start by introducing students to traditional music, dance (Oro), and clothing (such as the opinci shoes). Teachers can showcase celebrated artists like Toshe Proeski and Vaska Ilieva.

Introduce students to North Macedonian literature by sharing works from important writers like Blaze Koneski or Gjorgji Pulevski. The national language, Macedonian, is a significant element of the country’s identity and belongs to the South Slavic language family.

Religion is another critical aspect of North Macedonian culture, with the majority of the population adhering to Eastern Orthodoxy. The St. Clement Ohridski monastery and the UNESCO-protected Ohrid city are vital places of pilgrimage for Orthodox Christians.

Contemporary Issues

When teaching about North Macedonia, it is essential to address recent political developments. Discuss the Prespa Agreement signed in 2018 between Greece and then-Macedonia – which resolved a long-standing dispute over the name Macedonia. As a result, Macedonia agreed to change its name to North Macedonia.

Teachers should also discuss North Macedonia’s ongoing efforts for integration into international organizations such as the European Union and NATO.

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