Teaching Students About Pyongyang the Capital of North Korea

Teaching Students About North Korea’s Capital: What They Need to Know
North Korea is a country shrouded in mystery and controversy, and its capital city – Pyongyang – is no exception. As a teacher, it’s essential to educate students about the world and cultures beyond their own, and understanding more about North Korea and its capital is an excellent place to start.

Here are some key topics to cover when teaching students about Pyongyang:


Pyongyang is located in the western part of North Korea, near the country’s border with China. It sits on the Taedong River, which runs through the city and serves as a major water source. Pyongyang is one of North Korea’s largest cities, with a population estimated between 2.5 and 3 million.


Pyongyang has a rich history that spans more than 2,000 years. It was once a small fishing village but started to gain importance during the Goguryeo Kingdom in the 3rd century AD. Over the centuries, the city was ruled by different kingdoms and dynasties, and it was occupied by Japanese forces in the early 20th century.

In 1945, after Japan’s defeat in World War II, North Korea was established as a separate country under Soviet control, with Pyongyang as its capital. The city underwent significant development under the rule of Kim Il-sung, the country’s founding father and leader until 1994. Buildings and monuments were erected, and the city’s infrastructure was modernized. However, due to North Korea’s isolation from the outside world and the international sanctions imposed on the country, the city’s condition has deteriorated in recent years.


North Korea has a unique culture shaped by its history and political ideology. The country’s leaders have always emphasized self-reliance and loyalty to the state, and as a result, the country’s art, music, and literature reflect

patriotic and revolutionary themes.

Pyongyang is home to many museums and monuments that celebrate North Korea’s history and achievements. Among the most famous are the Grand People’s Study House, the Victorious Fatherland Liberation War Museum, and the Juche Tower, a massive monument dedicated to the country’s ideology.


Education is highly valued in North Korea, and Pyongyang is home to many prestigious universities and research institutions. Among the most notable are Kim Il-sung University, Pyongyang University of Science and Technology, and the State Academy of Sciences.

However, the country’s education system is highly regimented and focuses on indoctrination rather than critical thinking. Students are taught to worship the country’s leaders and ideology and are discouraged from questioning authority.


Teaching students about Pyongyang and North Korea is an important step to broaden their perspectives and understand the world beyond their own. While the country is known for its isolation and controversial political regime, it has a rich history and culture that deserves to be explored and understood. By providing students with a well-rounded education, teachers can help them become more informed and compassionate global citizens.

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