Teaching Students About Tashkent

Tashkent, the vibrant capital of Uzbekistan, is a treasure trove of historical and cultural wealth. Teaching students about Tashkent provides them with an opportunity to explore the wonders of Central Asia, delve into the fascinating history of the Silk Road, and appreciate the rich cultural tapestry woven by centuries of exchange and interaction. This article aims to offer educators a roadmap for introducing students to Tashkent’s storied past and lively present, encouraging critical thinking and fostering a lifelong curiosity about this remarkable city.


Located in the northeastern part of Uzbekistan, Tashkent (‘Stone City’ in Uzbek) has served as a vital crossroads for traders, conquerors, and explorers throughout history. Bearing witness to myriad transformative periods – from Persian rule to Russian conquest, Soviet influence to contemporary independence – Tashkent holds lessons on religious tolerance, political upheaval, and cultural synthesis that can inspire and inform students.

Introducing Tashkent: Notable Sites and Monuments

Khast Imam Square

Kick off your exploration of Tashkent by introducing students to Khast Imam Square, home to several key religious sites in the city. The square contains landmark structures such as the Barak Khan Madrasah, a 16th-century learning center built by Suyunij Khan’s grandson; the 18th-century Juma Mosque, famous for its intricate wooden carvings; and the Saint Abu Bakr Kaffal Shashi Mausoleum. A key focal point remains the medieval Muyi Mubarak Library that houses one of the oldest surviving Qur’an manuscripts in existence – dating from the seventh century.

Chorsu Bazaar

Transport your students to one of Central Asia’s liveliest bazaars. The Chorsu Bazaar introduces students to the sights, scents, and flavors of Uzbek daily life. Today, it thrives as a vital social and economic hub where locals and visitors alike can buy various goods, food, and handcrafted items. 

Tashkent Metro

The Tashkent Metro is more than just a means of transport: it serves as a subterranean testament to Soviet architectural ambition and aesthetic experimentation. This public transit system was the first of its kind in Central Asia – opening in 1977 – and is marked by its elaborately themed stations adorned with mosaics, sculptures, and chandeliers.

Independence Square

As a finale to the Tashkent tour, discuss Uzbekistan’s transition from Soviet rule to independence through the lens of Independence Square, formerly known as Lenin Square. It now boasts an imposing monument dedicated to the city’s resilience in the face of significant historical adversity.

Discussion Points and Activities

To ensure students grasp the significance of Tashkent as a whole, educators can engage them in various thought-provoking discussions and activities:

– Comparing architectural styles across different periods of Tashkent’s history

– Researching famous figures from Uzbek history such as Amir Timur or Babur

– Creating art inspired by Tashkent’s diverse religious architecture or dazzling metro stations

– Identifying how Tashkent evolved over time due to various influences and changes

By introducing students to Tashkent through its monuments and key locations, teachers pave the way for a deeper exploration of Central Asian history, culture, and geopolitics. Students can emerge from this journey with a richer understanding of global connections – past, present, and future – that shape our increasingly interdependent world.

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