16 Figurative Language Anchor Charts That You Literally Need Right Now


Figurative language is an important component of both reading and writing. It adds depth and creativity to our language, allowing us to express ideas in unique and interesting ways. One effective way to teach and reinforce figurative language concepts is through the use of anchor charts. These visual aids serve as a reference for students, helping them to understand and remember various figures of speech. In this article, we will explore 16 captivating figurative language anchor charts that are a must-have for any classroom.

    1. Simile Chart:

Kick-start your figurative language journey with a simile chart. This chart compares two unlike things using the words “like” or “as,” such as “strong as an ox” or “as busy as a bee.”

    1. Metaphor Chart:

Next up is the metaphor chart. Metaphors make direct comparisons without using “like” or “as.” Showcasing examples like “time is money” or “love is a battlefield,” this chart will help students grasp the power of metaphorical language.

    1. Personification Chart:

Bring inanimate objects to life with the personification chart. Use examples like “the wind whispered through the trees” or “the sun smiled down upon us” to illustrate the beauty of giving human qualities to non-human things.

    1. Hyperbole Chart:

Get ready for exaggeration with the hyperbole chart. From “I’m so hungry I could eat a horse” to “I’ve told you a million times,” this chart showcases how hyperboles exaggerate the truth for emphasis or dramatic effect.

    1. Idiom Chart:

Explore the fascinating world of idioms with an idiom chart. These phrases have figurative meanings that differ from their literal ones. Examples like “kick the bucket” or “break a leg” will leave students intrigued and wanting to learn more.

    1. Alliteration Chart:

Highlight the power of repeating sounds with an alliteration chart. Showcasing examples like “Peter Piper picked a peck of pickled peppers,” this chart will help students appreciate the musicality and impact of alliteration.

    1. Onomatopoeia Chart:

Explore words that imitate sounds with an onomatopoeia chart. Examples like “buzz,” “splash,” or “sizzle” will bring sound effects to life, enhancing students’ descriptive writing.

    1. Oxymoron Chart:

Introduce the concept of contradictory terms with an oxymoron chart. From “jumbo shrimp” to “bittersweet,” this chart will engage students in exploring the unexpected combinations of words that create vivid imagery.

    1. Symbolism Chart:

Unveil the power of symbols with a symbolism chart. From the classic example of a dove representing peace to more intricate symbols, this chart will help students understand how objects can convey deeper meanings in literature.

    1. Irony Chart:

Delve into the world of irony with an irony chart. Showcasing examples of verbal, situational, and dramatic irony, this chart will help students recognize and appreciate the unexpected twists in storytelling.

    1. Allusion Chart:

Introduce literary and historical references with an allusion chart. From “catch-22” to “Pandora’s box,” this chart will open the door to a world of intertextuality and cultural knowledge.

    1. Euphemism Chart:

Explore the art of polite phrasing with a euphemism chart. Examples like “passed away” instead of “died” or “pre-owned” instead of “used” will help students understand how language can soften sensitive topics.

    1. Imagery Chart:

Bring vivid mental pictures to life with an imagery chart. From visual to tactile, auditory to olfactory, this chart will inspire students to use descriptive language that engages the senses.

    1. Foreshadowing Chart:

Uncover hints of what’s to come with a foreshadowing chart. This chart highlights examples where authors drop subtle clues that anticipate future events, adding suspense and intrigue to the narrative.

    1. Repetition Chart:

Emphasize the power of repetition with a repetition chart. Showcasing examples like “I have a dream” or “never, never give up,” this chart demonstrates how repetition can enhance the impact of key ideas.

    1. Pun Chart:

End on a playful note with a pun chart. Puns are word plays that rely on multiple meanings or similar sounds of words. Showcasing examples like “I used to be a baker, but I couldn’t make enough dough,” this chart will leave students laughing and appreciating the cleverness of language.


These 16 figurative language anchor charts provide a valuable resource for teachers and students alike. Whether it’s a simile, metaphor, personification, or any other.

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