Saint-Denis: Unveiling the Capital City of Reunion Island, a French Territory in the Indian Ocean

Reunion Island is a French oversea territory located in the Indian Ocean. Despite its small size, it is a land full of amazing history, culture, and natural wonders. Its capital city, Saint-Denis, is one of the main centers of the island, where most of the political, economic, and social activities take place. Teaching students about the capital of Reunion Island can be an exciting way to expand their knowledge and understanding of this beautiful territory.

Introducing Saint-Denis

The first step in teaching students about the capital of Reunion Island is to introduce them to the city of Saint-Denis. It is located on the north of the island, facing the Indian Ocean. The city has a bustling atmosphere, a mix of modern developments, and French colonial architecture, providing a unique cultural experience to visitors. The students can learn about the layout of the city, the main streets, landmarks, and important institutions, like the regional council, the University of La Reunion, and the Cathedral.

Saint-Denis’ history

Like any other city, the capital of Reunion Island has its history. Students can learn about its founding, growth, and development over the centuries. For instance, King Louis XIV of France claimed the island as French territory in 1663 and continued to establish a colony in the following years. Saint-Denis became the capital of Reunion Island in 1738. Students can gain an understanding of the city’s historic background, like its colonial past, slavery, sugarcane plantations, and the abolishment of slavery.

Cultural diversity

Reunion Island’s blending ethnicities and cultures reflect the city of Saint Denis. Students can learn about the different cultural groups that make up the city, such as the Malagasy, Indian, Chinese, and the “Creoles.” They can learn about the different languages spoken in the city, like French, Malagasy, Indian, Chinese and other dialects. The city is filled with landmarks that represent the cultural diversity of Reunion Island and Saint-Denis.

Modern developments

Saint-Denis is constantly changing, with developments in infrastructure, technology, and lifestyle. Students can learn about the city’s modernization, its emphasis on sustainability and how it is becoming a smart city. It includes the tramway network, which helps to reduce traffic on the roads. Additionally, the new stadium of La Redoute, where the island’s major sports events take place, is also a significant landmark.


Teaching students about the capital of Reunion Island is a great way to expose them to a new culture and broaden their horizons. They can learn about the history, people, and landmarks of Saint-Denis while honing their geographical skills. The knowledge they gain will undoubtedly prepare them well to become citizens of the global community, who appreciate and promote cultural diversity.

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