Teaching Students About the Walls of Jericho

The Walls of Jericho, one of the world’s oldest fortified settlements, holds immense historical and archeological significance. Teaching students about the site can offer valuable lessons on human ingenuity, architectural evolution, and cultural history. In this article, we’ll explore various methods educators can use to teach the Walls of Jericho, making the ancient city an engaging and memorable subject for students.

1. Start with Context:

Begin by providing students with a broad context. Discuss the time period (around 8000 BCE), the geographical location (ancient city situated near modern-day Jericho in Palestine), and the broader historical context (Neolithic period). This background will help students understand why the study of Jericho is particularly relevant in the grand scheme of human history.

2. Incorporate Multimedia Resources:

Since visual aids greatly enhance understanding, utilize various multimedia resources such as videos, presentations, photographs, and 3D models to effectively illustrate the concept. For example, you can use documentaries or informative videos available online to showcase images of the ruins and discuss archeological evidence.

3. Explore Architectural Aspects:

The unique structure of the Jericho walls presents an excellent opportunity to teach students about innovative architectural features. Encourage students to ponder how early humans built these walls using mud bricks and explore the engineering techniques used in their construction. Discuss how successive layers of walls provided protection against natural disasters and enemy invasions.

4. Find Connections to Other Subjects:

To make lessons more comprehensive, establish links between the Walls of Jericho and other subjects or content areas. For instance, you can broaden discussions into topics such as ancient agriculture systems, social organization during Neolithic times, or art forms prevalent during that era.

5. Create a Classroom Activity:

Incorporate classroom activities that help students better grasp material or challenge their critical thinking skills. For instance:

– Create teams to design miniature replicas of the walls while adhering to the architectural techniques employed by ancient civilizations.

– Assign research projects that delve into specific aspects of Jericho’s history or have students examine how archeological discoveries have shaped our understanding of the city.

6. Discuss Jericho’s Legacy:

Wrap up lessons by reflecting on the significance of Jericho in human history and its impact on subsequent civilizations. Seed discussions on how the city’s fortifications laid the groundwork for newer technologies and advancements in construction across time.


Teaching students about the Walls of Jericho can be an engaging and fulfilling experience when approached with thoughtfully planned lessons. By incorporating multimedia resources, comprehensive contextual information, and hands-on activities, educators can inspire fascination for this important historical site and foster deeper appreciation for human creativity and cultural heritage.

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