Teaching Students About Yerevan

Yerevan, the capital of Armenia, is a city steeped in history and rich in culture that offers a wealth of learning opportunities for students. As educators, it is important to give students an understanding of other cultures and perspectives, as well as stimulate their intellectual curiosity. When teaching students about Yerevan, consider incorporating the following topics into your lesson plan.

1. Geographical location and importance:

Begin by discussing the geographical location and importance of Yerevan. The city is located in the Caucasus region of Eurasia and serves as a political, economic, and cultural center for Armenia. In addition to providing students with a sense of place, you can also highlight the strategic significance of the region by discussing how it acts as a bridge between Europe and Asia.

2. Historical significance:

Next, delve into the rich history of Yerevan. Founded in 782 BCE by King Argishti I of Urartu as Erebuni Fortress, Yerevan predates Rome by almost three decades and is considered one of the oldest continuously inhabited cities in the world. Students can learn about various historical periods such as ancient civilizations like Urartu and subsequent influences from Persia, Rome, Byzantium, Arabs, Ottoman Empire, Russian Empire, and finally independence in 1991 after the collapse of Soviet Union.

3. Cultural heritage:

Introduce students to the vibrant Armenian culture that permeates Yerevan. Topics may include traditional music and dance forms like Duduk (traditional Armenian woodwind instrument) or Kochari folk dance, literature featuring authors such as Hovhannes Shiraz and Paruyr Sevak, unique architectural styles seen in churches like Etchmiadzin Cathedral and Zvartnots Ruins, Hripsime Church among others.

4. Modern-day Yerevan:

Discuss the contemporary city, focusing on zones which underwent a transformation in recent years. The Northern Avenue as an example of modern architecture, impressive public squares like Republic Square, and Cascade Complex should be mentioned. Students can also learn about tech startups, creative industry growth, and Yerevan’s burgeoning art scene including galleries and street art.

5. Armenian Genocide:

A sensitive but essential topic is the Armenian Genocide of 1915 perpetrated by the Ottoman Empire. Address this dark chapter in history and the impact it has had on Armenia, stressing on the importance of remembrance and prevention. You may even visit the Armenian Genocide Museum-Institute in Yerevan.


Incorporating these topics into your lesson plan will provide students with a comprehensive understanding of Yerevan’s rich history and culture. By teaching students about Yerevan, you encourage them to appreciate different perspectives and develop an understanding of global issues. Foster their curiosity by highlighting how diverse, complex, and interconnected our world truly is.

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