Teaching Students Facts About Malawi

Malawi is a small country in southeastern Africa that many students may not be familiar with. As educators, it is important to provide students with accurate information about this country and its people. Here are some key facts about Malawi that you can share with your students.

Location and Size

Malawi is a landlocked country located in southeastern Africa, bordered by Zambia to the northwest, Tanzania to the northeast, and Mozambique to the east, south, and west. It is one of the smallest countries in Africa, with a land area of about 118,000 square kilometers.

Population and Ethnicity

According to the latest estimates, Malawi has a population of over 18 million people. The vast majority of Malawians are of Bantu origin, though there are also smaller groups of Ngoni, Yao, and Maravi people. The official language of Malawi is English, though Chichewa is also widely spoken.


The economy of Malawi is largely agricultural, with over 80% of the population engaged in subsistence farming. The country is known for its production of tobacco, tea, and sugar, as well as its fishing industry. Despite its fertile soil and natural resources, Malawi remains one of the poorest countries in the world, with a large percentage of its population living below the poverty line.


Education in Malawi is compulsory up to the age of 14, though many students do not have access to quality education due to factors such as poverty and lack of resources. Primary and secondary schools are primarily funded by the government, but many schools still lack basic resources such as textbooks and desks.

Culture and Traditions

Malawi has a rich and diverse culture, with traditional music, dance, and art playing an important role in daily life. The country is also known for its annual music and dance festival, the Lake of Stars, which attracts performers and visitors from all over the world.

Challenges Facing Malawi

Malawi faces a number of challenges, including poverty, food insecurity, and the spread of diseases such as HIV/AIDS and malaria. The country has made progress in recent years, particularly in the areas of health and education, but more work needs to be done to address these issues.

Teaching students about Malawi can help to broaden their understanding of the world and its diverse cultures. By providing accurate information about this unique country, educators can help to foster empathy and global awareness in their students.

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