Curriculum & Instruction

Classroom Procedures Teaching Resources

Classroom procedures are an essential component of effective teaching. They create a structured environment where both teachers and students know what to expect and how to behave, enabling smoother transitions and maximizing learning time. Teaching resources that address classroom procedures can include:

1.Entry Routines: Tools and guides on how to enter the classroom, where to put belongings, and how to begin work promptly.

2.Attention Getters: A compilation of signals or phrases used by teachers to gain the attention of students quickly without raising their voice.

3.Transition Strategies: Step-by-step methods for moving efficiently from one activity to another without chaos or time-wasting.

4.Assignment Turn-in Procedures: Clear system for submitting completed work, which could involve labeled bins or folders, ensuring that no student work is misplaced.

5.Group Work Protocols: Clearly-defined roles and guidelines for collaboration that help students work together productively.

6.Technology Use Policies: Explicit rules about when and how technology may be used during class, including computers, tablets, or other devices.

7.End-of-Day Routines: Activities and checklists for end-of-day tasks, such as cleaning up workspaces, reflecting on the day’s learning, or preparing take-home materials.

8.Emergency Procedures: Detailed plans for various emergencies so that students know how to react during drills or actual incidents.

9.Behavioral Expectations and Consequences: Charts or matrices outlining the expected behaviors in the classroom along with positive reinforcement techniques and consequences for misbehavior.

10.Homework Protocols: Procedures regarding homework expectations, recording assignments, timelines, and submission guidelines.

By integrating these teaching resources into the curriculum planning, educators can streamline classroom management and create an atmosphere conducive to learning. Each resource typically comes with instructions, printable materials like posters or handouts, lesson plans for teaching each procedure, and sometimes videos demonstrating the procedures in action.

These materials serve as valuable training aids not only for new teachers designing their first classroom management plan but also for experienced educators looking to refine their strategies. With these resources in place, classrooms can become more organized environments where both instruction and learning flourish.

Winter Olympics Classroom Activities and Resources

With the excitement of the Winter Olympics, educators have a prime opportunity to bring the energy and lessons of the games into the classroom. This can be a fantastic way to combine physical education with lessons in geography, culture, and sportsmanship. Here are various activities and resources that can help incorporate the Winter Olympics into your classroom curriculum.

1. Olympic Country Research Project: Assign each student a country participating in the Winter Olympics. They can research their country’s climate, culture, flag, and history of participation in the games. Students can create a presentation or a display that celebrates their nation’s Olympic journey.

2. Create Your Own Olympic Games: Have students design their own winter sports or modify existing ones to create new challenges. Afterward, they can write down the rules, craft any necessary equipment using classroom materials, and host mini-games.

3. Olympic Math Challenges: Create math problems related to sports scores, medal counts, and timings. Students can track real-time statistics of the ongoing Winter Olympics and solve problems based on actual data.

4. Sports Science Lessons: Integrate physics by discussing concepts such as friction with ice skating or aerodynamics with skiing. Demonstrations with simple experiments can illustrate these scientific principles.

5. Opening Ceremonies Study: Watch a recording of the opening ceremonies and have students focus on aspects like cultural displays and symbolism in performances. Follow up with discussions or art projects reflecting what they say.

6. Discussion on Teamwork and Sportsmanship: Encourage students to discuss what it means to be a part of an Olympic team or an individual competitor at such events. They can compare the conduct and attitudes of athletes during victory or defeat.

7. Winter Olympics Trivia Game: Organize a trivia game with facts about Winter Olympic sports history, famous athletes, and record-breaking performances.

8. Interactive Geography Tracking: Use maps to track where events are held and which countries are winning medals. This can be turned into a geography lesson about different nations around the world.

9. Language Arts Connections: Encourage students to write essays or stories inspired by athletes’ biographies or significant Olympic moments they learn about.

10. Crafting Medals and Trophies: Allow children to design their own medals or trophies using basic craft materials and then hold an “awards ceremony” for various accomplishments throughout the week.

Online Resources:

– The official Olympic Channel provides videos and articles on current events.

– BBC Sport offers kid-friendly breakdowns of each sport.

– National Geographic Kids has educational resources about different countries participating in the Olympics.

– Teacher Planet provides printable worksheets related to the Olympics.

– Discovery Education streams virtual field trips related to past Winter Games.

By using these activities and resources, teachers can foster an engaging learning environment that captures the spirit of international competition and cooperation found in the Winter Olympics, providing valuable life lessons along with academic growth opportunities for their students.

A Teacher’s Guide To Making Composite Classrooms Great

Creating a cohesive and dynamic composite classroom can be a stimulating challenge for educators. As a teacher, you are not only charged with the usual duties of planning curricula and delivering engaging lessons, but also with navigating the complexities of teaching multiple grade levels within a single classroom environment. This unique setting offers a myriad of opportunities for fostering an inclusive, supportive, and highly interactive learning space for students.

1.Acknowledge Individual Differences

Each student comes with their own set of strengths, weaknesses, and learning paces. Begin by assessing each child’s educational needs and tailor your instructions to accommodate these individual differences. Strategies such as differentiated instruction and personalized learning plans are vital in composite classrooms.

2.Set Collective Goals and Shared Rules

Composite classes thrive on structure. Establish classroom rules and collective goals early on by involving students in the process. This encourages shared responsibility and helps maintain order, allowing students from different grades to work harmoniously together.

3.Collaborative Learning Structures

Maximize peer learning opportunities by designing activities that encourage older students to assist younger ones—creating mentorship roles that benefit both age groups. Group projects should be structured in ways that ensure every group member has a role that corresponds to their ability level.

4.Flexible Grouping

In a mixed-age class, flexible grouping is key. Strategically group students based on skill level rather than age for certain activities. Shuffle these groups periodically to allow students to interact with various peers, enhancing social skills alongside academic learning.

5.Adapt Your Lesson Planning

Planning lessons for a composite class requires creativity—design lessons that have tiered tasks or extensions so all students can engage at an appropriate level of challenge. Theme-based units work well across different age ranges because they can be adapted for varying competencies.

6.Effective Use of Classroom Space

Arrange your classroom to cater to different activities simultaneously without disruption. Create well-defined areas for independent work, group collaboration, reading corners, and teacher-led instruction.

7.Employ Technology Wisely

Technology can be utilized to cater to the varied learning needs in your classroom. Use educational software that adjusts difficulty levels based on the user or employ online resources that offer video tutorials for students who need extra help or extension activities for those who need greater challenge.

8.Regular Assessment & Feedback

Continuous assessment is significant in understanding where each student stands academically within the disparate group. Provide regular feedback that is constructive and personalized, aiming to guide each student’s progress effectively.

9.Communicate with Parents or Guardians

Parents should be kept informed about the structure of composite classrooms and how it benefits their children’s education. Regular communication regarding their child’s progress can augment support from home.

10.Self-Reflective Practices

As an educator in a composite classroom, take time to reflect regularly on what strategies are working and which need adjustment—embracing flexibility within your teaching methodologies while maintaining clear educational objectives.

Incorporate these guidelines into your approach and witness the multitude of benefits that arise from teaching in a composite classroom setting: increased student engagement through cooperative learning, developmentally appropriate practices showcasing student-centered education, and fostering a community where learners celebrate diversity as they grow academically and socially together.

Using a Lesson Plan Template for Effective Teaching

A well-designed lesson plan is crucial for effective teaching. It provides structure, promotes organization, and ensures that all necessary elements are covered during instruction. One popular resource that educators can utilize is a lesson plan template.

A lesson plan template is a pre-formatted document that guides teachers through the planning process. It outlines key components such as objectives, instructional activities, assessment methods, and materials needed. By using a template, teachers can save time and effort by having a framework to follow.

There are several benefits to using a lesson plan template. Firstly, it helps in maintaining consistency across lessons. By using the same format for each lesson, teachers can provide a clear and predictable structure for their students. This consistency can support student learning and comprehension.

Additionally, a lesson plan template can serve as a helpful tool for collaboration among colleagues. Teachers can easily share their plans with others, allowing for feedback, suggestions, and the opportunity to exchange ideas. This collaboration can lead to enhanced instructional strategies and improved student outcomes.

Furthermore, utilizing a lesson plan template promotes reflection and self-evaluation. As teachers fill in the template, they are prompted to think critically about their instructional goals, strategies, and assessments. This reflective process can help teachers identify areas for growth and improvement in their teaching practice.

When using a lesson plan template, it is important to remember that it should be flexible and adaptable. Teachers should feel empowered to make modifications based on the needs and interests of their students. While a template provides a helpful guide, it should not restrict creativity and individualized instruction.

In conclusion, a lesson plan template can be a valuable resource for teachers in the US. It supports effective planning, promotes consistency, encourages collaboration, and facilitates self-reflection. By utilizing a template, educators can optimize their instructional practices and enhance student learning experiences.

Unpacking Phonics Instruction In The Classroom

Phonics instruction remains a cornerstone of literacy education, empowering young learners to decode the written language independently. This method teaches children the relationships between letters and sounds, which are crucial for reading and spelling. Phonics is not a monolithic approach but rather a spectrum of strategies that educators can tailor to suit the needs of their students.

At the heart of phonics instruction is the understanding that the English language has a predictable nature. By recognizing patterns, learners can apply these to unfamiliar words, essentially unlocking them on their own. To ensure this process is effective, educators should adhere to certain best practices.

Sequential Learning

The phonics curriculum must be systematic and cumulative. Starting with simple sound-letter correspondences, such as short vowels and common consonants, instruction gradually introduces more complex concepts like blends, digraphs, and diphthongs. This sequence helps build a solid foundation for further language development.

Multisensory Techniques

Utilizing multiple senses can enhance phonics instruction. Techniques include tracing letters in sand while saying the corresponding sound or using manipulatives to build words. These activities cater to different learning styles and help to reinforce the connections between sounds and symbols.

Explicit Instruction

Direct teaching is key in phonics learning. Teachers should explicitly demonstrate how to blend sounds into words and segment words into individual sounds. This clarity helps students understand the mechanics of decoding and encourages mastery of these foundational skills.

Integration with Other Literacy Skills

While phonics is crucial, it’s most impactful when integrated with other literacy skills such as vocabulary development, comprehension strategies, and writing activities. Reading books aloud that correlate with the letters or sounds being learned can cement these associations within a context that is meaningful and engaging.

Ongoing Assessment

Teachers need to assess student understanding regularly to ensure that phonics instruction is effective. Ongoing assessments help identify students who may need additional support or intervention and provide valuable feedback on instructional effectiveness.

In conclusion, robust phonics instruction is not merely about memorizing rules but fostering an in-depth understanding of how language works. It’s through this exploration that children become confident readers who approach new words with strategies that work both in the classroom and beyond its walls.

How Long Will It Take To Melt? | Changing States Unit Plan

 Learning about the changes of state from solid to liquid is a fascinating aspect of physical science that intrigues learners of all ages. One question that often arises in this context is, “How long will it take to melt?” The answer is not straightforward, as it depends on several factors including the substance’s heat capacity, the temperature of the environment, and the source of heat energy.

Firstly, different substances have different melting points – the temperature at which a solid turns into a liquid. Water, for instance, melts at 0°C (32°F), while iron melts at about 1538°C (2800°F). The heat capacity of a substance, which is the amount of heat energy required to raise its temperature by one degree Celsius, also plays a critical role. Materials with high heat capacities require more energy and thus more time to reach their melting point.

Additionally, environmental temperature is an important variable. If the ambient temperature is close to the melting point of a substance, it will take less time to melt than if the environment is much cooler. Furthermore, the directness and strength of the heat source influence how quickly energy is transferred to the substance in question, thereby affecting the rate of melting.

In an educational setting, this topic can span multiple lessons within a Changing States Unit Plan. Here are some key lessons that might be included:

1.Introduction to States of Matter: Introduce students to solids, liquids, and gases and discuss characteristics and examples.

2.What Is Melting?: Define melting point and explain at what conditions materials change from solid to liquid.

3.Measuring Heat Energy: Teach how to measure temperature changes and introduce units such as Joules for heat energy.

4.Factors Affecting Melting Time: Dive into factors such as environmental temperature and substance properties that affect how long it takes a material to melt.

5.Experimental Investigations: Conduct experiments with substances such as ice or chocolate to observe melting and document time taken under various conditions.

6.Applying Knowledge: Encourage students to apply their understanding to real-world situations or problems involving melting.

When devising lesson plans for this concept, it’s important to include hands-on activities that make what could be an abstract concept into tangible experiences for students. This could involve experiments where students measure how long it takes ice cubes to melt at room temperature versus in hot water or using sunlight as a variable heat source.

In conclusion, “How Long Will It Take To Melt?” opens up discussions on thermal physics and material properties in an engaging way. Through experimentation and observation students can grasp these scientific principles practically while satisfying their inherent curiosity about everyday phenomena.

17 Out-Of-This World Space Activities For Kids + Teachers

Exploring the universe is a fantastic way for kids and teachers to engage in science and imagination. Here are 17 space-related activities that will transport you beyond our atmosphere:

1.DIY Rocket Building: Use recycled materials to build model rockets.

2.Star Mapping: Learn about constellations and create star maps of the night sky.

3.Planetary Art: Paint and create artistic interpretations of different planets.

4.Moon Phases Calendar: Track the moon phases with a homemade calendar.

5.Astronaut Role Play: Dress up and simulate a day in the life of an astronaut.

6.Telescope Making: Build simple telescopes to observe the stars or the moon.

7.Meteorite Science Experiment: Create impact craters using flour and marbles to simulate meteorites.

8.Space Mission Obstacle Course: Set up an agility course to mimic astronauts’ training.

9.Alien Clay Models: Sculpt aliens using playdough or clay, imagining life on other planets.

10.Solar System Mobiles: Craft a hanging mobile of the solar system with detailed planets.

11.Space-themed Story Writing: Write stories or plays about adventures in space.

12.Astro-poetry Sessions: Combine astronomy with poetry to describe celestial bodies artistically.

13.Virtual Planetarium Visits: Take advantage of online resources for a virtual tour of a planetarium.

14.Space Trivia Challenge: Test your knowledge with a fun trivia game about space facts.

15.Galaxy in a Jar Craft: Create a galaxy inside a jar using paint and cotton balls to represent stars and nebulae.

16.Intergalactic Cooking Class: Make snacks that are shaped like rockets, stars, and planets.

17.Visit from an Astronomer: Arrange for a local astronomer to speak about their work and experiences.

These activities can inspire curiosity and teach valuable scientific concepts, all while having tons of fun exploring the final frontier!

5 Simple Ways Develop Routines Classroom Us

Establishing routines in the classroom is one of the most effective ways to create a structured environment that promotes learning and minimizes disruptions. Routines help students understand what is expected of them and provide a framework that guides their behavior and focus throughout the school day. Here are five simple ways teachers can develop effective routines in the classroom:

1.Start with Clear Expectations: From the first day, communicate your expectations clearly. Describe each step of your routine, from entering the classroom to the process of turning in homework. Use visuals, demonstrations, and practice to ensure students know what is expected.

2.Consistent Schedule: Maintain a consistent daily schedule as much as possible. When students know what to expect at each point of the day, they are more likely to stay on task and be prepared for transitions between activities.

3.Practice Makes Perfect: Regularly review and practice routines, especially after breaks or when you notice they’re starting to slip. Reinforce routines through repetition until they become second nature to your students.

4.Positive Reinforcement: Recognize and reward students who follow classroom routines consistently. This could be verbal praise, a points system, or small rewards that encourage continued adherence to class expectations.

5.Reflect and Adjust: Take time periodically to reflect on how your routines are working. Get feedback from your students about what’s helping them learn effectively and what may need tweaking. Be willing to adjust routines if they aren’t serving their purpose or fitting the dynamic of your classroom.

By incorporating these strategies into your teaching approach, you can create a well-managed classroom where students thrive within a predictable and positive learning environment.

8 Fun Effective Lesson Closures

As an educator, understanding how to wrap up a lesson effectively is as crucial as knowing how to deliver the content. Closing activities not only signify the end of a lesson but also reinforce what students have learned, provide a sense of closure, and set the tone for the next class. Here are 8 fun and effective lesson closure activities:

1.Exit Tickets: A classic closure strategy where students write down an essential point they’ve learned, a question they may have, or something they’re curious about before they leave the class.

2.3-2-1 Summary: Ask students to write three things they learned, two interesting things and one question they still have. It’s quick and lets you gauge what was absorbed by the students.

3.Think-Pair-Share: Students take a moment to think about a prompt related to the lesson, then pair up with another student to share their thoughts. Finally, some pairs can share with the whole class.

4.Snowball Fight: Students write something they learned or a question on a piece of paper, crumple it up, and then have a ‘snowball fight’. Afterwards, each student picks up a paper ball and reads what’s written.

5.Learning Log: Students take the last few minutes of class to jot down in their learning logs what stood out to them during the lesson. It helps them process the material and serves as a study aid.

6.Gallery Walk: Post student work around the room from an activity completed during class. Students walk around quietly observing others’ work which encourages reflection on different perspectives.

7.The ABCs: Ask students to associate each letter of the alphabet with something they learned in the lesson (e.g., A for Atom if discussing molecules). It’s fun, creative, and reinforces vocabulary.

8.Two Stars and a Wish: Students reflect on their learning by identifying two things they succeeded in (stars) and one thing they wish to improve or learn more about (wish). This fosters positivity while encouraging growth.

Incorporating these lesson closures can make learning more dynamic for students while providing valuable insight into their understanding for educators.


Exploring 10 Essential Text Types for Upper Years Teaching Resources


In upper years education, it is crucial to expose students to various text types to enhance their literacy skills. By incorporating different text types, educators can foster critical thinking, communication, and creativity in their students. In this article, we will delve into 10 essential text types that can be utilized as valuable teaching resources. Let’s explore these engaging text types and discover how they can empower students’ learning.

1. Descriptive Texts:

Descriptive texts provide detailed descriptions using sensory language, allowing students to visualize people, places, or objects. These texts develop students’ ability to create vivid imagery in their writing and enhance their descriptive skills.

2. Narratives:

Narratives involve storytelling and can captivate students’ imagination. By introducing narratives, teachers can develop students’ narrative writing techniques, such as character development, plot structure, and dialogue.

3. Persuasive Texts:

Persuasive texts teach students how to express their opinions effectively and convince others. By analyzing persuasive arguments and writing their own persuasive pieces, students can develop critical thinking skills and enhance their ability to present logical arguments.

4. Expository Texts:

Expository texts provide factual information and explanations about specific topics. By incorporating expository texts, educators can enhance students’ research and analytical skills, fostering their ability to present information in a clear and concise manner.

5. Procedural Texts:

Procedural texts guide readers through a series of steps to accomplish a task. By using procedural texts, students can develop their writing skills by providing clear instructions and understanding the importance of sequence and order.

6. Informational Texts:

Informational texts present non-fiction information about various subjects. By introducing informational texts, educators can help students broaden their knowledge and understanding of the world around them, while enhancing their reading comprehension skills.

7. Analytical Texts:

Analytical texts enable students to critically evaluate and analyze information. These texts develop students’ ability to identify arguments, evidence, and logical reasoning, fostering their critical thinking and analytical skills.

8. Reflective Journals:

Reflective journals encourage students to express their thoughts and feelings on a topic. By writing reflective journals, students can develop self-awareness, improve their communication skills, and enhance their ability to analyze their own learning experiences.

9. Creative Writing:

Creative writing allows students to explore their imagination and express their thoughts in innovative ways. By encouraging creative writing, educators can nurture students’ creativity, enhance their storytelling skills, and foster their ability to think outside the box.

10. Poetry:

Poetry provides a unique outlet for students to express their emotions and use language creatively. By exploring different poetic forms and techniques, students can develop their creative expression, enhance their understanding of figurative language, and experiment with various writing styles.


Incorporating a wide range of text types into upper years teaching resources is instrumental in fostering students’ literacy skills and enhancing their overall learning experience. By exposing students to descriptive texts, narratives, persuasive texts, and other key text types, educators can promote critical thinking, creativity, and effective communication. These valuable teaching resources empower students to become well-rounded individuals who can thrive in both academic and real-world contexts.