Teaching Kids About Multiplication Facts

A multiplication fact is an answer to a multiplication calculation. For example, in the sum 3 x 3 = 9, the multiplication fact is 9.

What is a multiplication fact?

A multiplication fact is an answer to a multiplication calculation.

Here are some examples of multiplication sums and their multiplication facts:

  • 2 × 2 = 4 (the multiplication fact is 4)
  • 7 × 9 = 63 (the multiplication fact is 63)
  • 10 × 3 = 30 (the multiplication fact is 30)

How do you write a multiplication fact?

You can write a multiplication fact simply by writing out a multiplication calculation.

For example:

12 × 12 = 144

3 × 6 = 18

8 × 5 = 40

You can also write multiplication facts using different methods of multiplication.

Diagram showing repeated addition on a number line.

For example, repeated addition is a way of finding multiplication facts by repeatedly adding a number until you reach the answer. 2 × 5 is the same as 2 + 2 + 2 + 2 + 2 = 10. So the multiplication fact, in that case, is 10.

Here are some ways to learn multiplication facts and remember multiplication tables (also known as times tables):

  1. Use a multiplication square that shows the multiplication facts for numbers in the timetable. It is a great visual aid for learning times tables and multiplication facts.
  2. Recite the multiplication table backward and forwards. Children can do this in small groups or as a whole class. Speaking the timetables aloud helps reinforce their memory of basic multiplication facts.
  3. Practise skip counting. Skip counting is a type of multiplication by repeated addition. For example, skip counting by 2 is the same as the two times table: 2, 4, 6, 8, 10, etc.
  4. Use songs and music. These are fantastic for helping children to engage with learning their timetables. Plus, there’s a reason we say that songs get stuck in our heads!

What does multiplication mean?

Multiplication is the process of multiplying something by something else. For example, multiplying 2 by 6 is 12.

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