Top 20 Indus Valley Facts for Kids

  1. The Indus Valley civilization was more significant than the ancient Egyptian civilization.
  2. Some of the world’s first dentists came from the Indus Valley! The oldest example of draining teeth on a patient was discovered in 2001.
  3. At its peak, 10% of the world’s total population lived in the ancient civilization of the Indus Valley. Estimates reach as high as five million people – or nearly twice the population of Wales in the present day.
  4. Toilet seats were made of brick – not very comfy!
  5. A second significant river (the Ghaddar) was also essential to the people of the Indus Valley civilization; however, this dried up in about 2000 BC. Today, this river re-emerges after the monsoon rains.
  6. The city of Mohenjo-Daro was prone to flooding. Archaeologists have discovered that this ancient city was rebuilt seven times due to flooding. Builders were kept busy in the Indus Valley!
  7. The people of the Indus Valley created beautiful works of art out of metal, such as the famous Bronze ‘Dancing Girl of Mohenjo-Daro’ statue.
  8. The Indus Valley civilization had precise measuring devices, including rulers and weight.
  9. The ruins discovered in Mohenjo-Daro are now a UNESCO World Heritage site, and you can see them today!
  10. The Indus Valley civilization could read and write and had a language of writing that we had started to de-code and translate. However, although there are 250 and 500 characters, we still cannot read many of them!
  11. In Mohenjo-Daro, the most prominent structure found was a large communal bath that is now called ‘the Excellent Bath.’ It is unique for ancient civilizations, as most had temples or monuments as their most significant buildings.
  12. It is believed that the people of the Indus Valley civilization invented buttons – they were made out of seashells!
  13. Archeologists have also discovered a six-sided object like a dice that had spots on like the ones we use today. Many archaeologists believe that the Indus Valley people invented dice and perhaps played board games too.
  14. Towns and cities were all built in a uniform, rectangular pattern. However, some historians believe they were rebuilt many times because of flooding.
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