Curriculum vitae is Latin for ‘course of life and is a complete record of a person’s career, training, education, and qualifications.

A curriculum vitae, commonly shortened to a CV, enables you to state your skills to potential employers. Employers use it to help determine a shortlist of candidates for a vacant position. Therefore, a CV should contain all the relevant information that an employer wants. Typically, CVs are 1-2 pages long.

What should I include in a CV?

A CV typically contains the following:

  • Contact details – name, address, email, telephone number
  • List of skills or a personal statement – lets the employer know a little more about you and what you could bring to the job
  • Employment history – include some achievements that may be relevant to the job you are applying for
  • Education History
  • Additional training/qualifications – any training courses you have attended or completed
  • References – you don’t have to include the details of your references in your CV; you can say that these are ‘available upon request.’

It would help if you also accounted for any gaps in your employment or education history; for example, you may have been traveling or not working for some time. You could also include the following:

  • Hobbies/interests – to help show employers some of the things you are passionate about

Here are some things to remember


  • Use a professional font
  • Use section headings to make your CV clear and easy to read
  • List most recent job roles/achievements first and work backward chronologically (include dates to make this clear)
  • Keep it concise
  • Use bullet points as they are easy to read

What is a cover letter?

When applying for a job, some employers ask you to send a cover letter with your CV. This formal document explains what job role you are using for, why you are applying, and why you think you would be a good fit.

Choose your Reaction!